Art & Culture


Memorial Museum of Iron Belt

The Iron Belt was a big line designed during the Civil war to defend Bilbao and his municipalities, in case the pro-Franco army was exceeding the fronts protected by the Basque troops.


This belt would defend the most important places to maintain lively a besieged city: ports, airfields, reservoirs...


It was built between 1936 and 1937 by 10.000 Basques men and women during the order of Basque Country President, Jose Antonio Aguirre. It was formed by the mountains that were surrounding the city, a network of trenches, machine gunners nests, wire fences and diverse defensive elements.


Thanks to the information facilitated by the traitor captain Goicoechea, the pro-Franco army discovered the weak points of the defensive belt and in June, 1937 crossed it for one of them in the Larrabetzu locality.


Memorial Museum of Iron Belt keeps alive the memory of all those persons who died by the Civil War. It is located in the Cultural Center of Berango, next to the nest of machine fun of the Iron Belt of Berango and Sopela.


In the visit to museum, across a clear and modern scenery, it will be possible to know how and why the Iron Belt was built, also to enjoy a movie and go through all the remains that stay of the same one.

Information of interest

Simon Otxandategi, 64 - 48640 Berango
Opening hours
  •  Winter opening hours:

Monday to Friday: from 12 p.m. to 2 p.m. and from 5 p.m. to 8 p.m.

  • Summer opening hours:  

Monday to Friday: from 12 p.m. to 2 p.m. and from 5 p.m. to 8 p.m.

Saturday: from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. and from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m.

Sunday: from 11 a.m. to 1 pm.

Festive days: closed

No. of rooms